As the saying goes, “a knife should be an extension of a chef’s hand”. In that case, picking the right knife is important for a more enjoyable kitchen experience. When searching for knives, you might come across one or two of the most famous countries with knife making history, German or Japanese knives. From Solingen, being the blade capital of Germany since the middle ages, to Seki, Japan, being well-known for their samurai sword crafting history that dates back to the mid-thirteenth century. Up to this day, these two countries are the most well-known contenders in the blade business. Both have distinguishing features, it’s up to you to decide which would be better catered to your preferences.
German knives are typically more affordable, common knives to use in the kitchen. On the Rockwell Scale of Hardness, they usually range from 54-58 making them softer than Japanese knives. It’s a measurement on how hard the steel is, thus indicating how sharp a knife may be, the higher it is on the scale, the harder and sharper the blade. There are advantages in using softer knives like German knives, commonly being made out of stainless steel, they aren’t prone to breaking. Hence, making them more durable, although they have more resistance. German knives are also heavier due to its full tang handle, the advantage of this is you can get a sturdier, controlled grip, making them easier for everyday use. Mostly everything can be cut with a German knife without chipping its blade, including tougher foods like bones.
Japanese knives are typically more high-end due to factors like steel hardness and also high craftsmanship. The knife itself is straighter opposed to having a curve like German knives, the blades are also thinner though sharper, with a Rockwell Scale of Hardness that ranges between 58-66 Rockwell. They are also lighter due it’s partial tang, this means that the tang ends in the middle of the handle, opposed to German knives that have a full tang blade that runs along the end of its handle. One common occurrence in Japanese knives that are typically made out of carbon steel, though they can rust faster, they develop a beautiful patina (a corrosion from oxidation). Different from rust, a patina adds character to the knife, it serves the purpose of being a natural protective layer on your blade. Japanese knives are more brittle, require more maintenance and care, but the rewards are the precise, clean cuts with low resistence.
In conclusion, those are the things to consider before purchasing a knife. If you are looking for more of an all-rounder, beginner knife, a German knife might be more reasonable to get. But if you’re looking for precision and high artistry, a Japanese knife might be the right pick for you. Happy slicing and dicing!